The Effect of Race on Poverty and the Equality of Minorities

  • Terry Holt


Using General Social Survey (GSS) data from 1972 to 2004, this study considers if racial discrimination continues to represent a significant barrier for the economic advancement of African Americans and other minorities in the U.S. compared to whites. Specifically, does race affect income equality? Bivariate analysis and Logistic Regression analysis indicate that the “total family income average” for Blacks is significantly less compared to Whites, and Blacks are more likely to live in poverty (income less than $25,000) than Whites. Conversely, when it comes to other minority groups, there is no significant difference in “total family income average” compared to Whites. In addition, the findings also suggest that women are far more likely to live in poverty than men, as one’s gender has a significant effect on one’s income earning potential.