Primary Outcomes of a Healthy Lifestyle Interventions for Latino Families
AbstractLatinos, especially children, are disproportionately affected by obesity. Sanos y Fuertes is a community-based, participatory research project that created a culturally resonant, bilingual, healthy lifestyle intervention for Latinos in California. Results of the program for families are presented. Methods: The sample consisted of 390 Latino families with at least one 2 to 8-year-old child. Confidential, self-report, paper-and-pencil surveys and objective anthropometrics were assessed. Paired sample t-tests evaluated changes between baseline-to-follow-up assessments. Results: A significant decrease was observed in children’s percent body fat, but not in adults. Improvements were found in adult knowledge, frequency of food label use and serving MyPlate portions. Adult frequency of breakfast, fruit, and vegetable intake increased, while frequency of sugary beverage intake decreased. Concomitant increases in parent-reported frequencies of children’s intake of breakfast, fruits, and vegetables were observed along with a less frequent intake of sugary beverage. Conclusion: Sanos y Fuertes is a promising, short-term healthy lifestyle education program which may lower obesity risk among Latino families. Replication in a randomized controlled trial is needed to establish its effectiveness among diverse Latino populations.
Copyright (c) 2020 Gail C. Frank, Selena T. Nguyen Rodriguez, Mara Bird, Melawhy Garcia, Natalia Gatdula, Erika Centinaje, Mayra Rascón, Britt Rios-Ellis
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