Diabetes Mellitus and the Hmong

A Scoping Review of the Literature

  • Fay Mitchell-Brown California State University, Chico/Medical University of South Carolina
  • Susan Newman California State University, Chico/Medical University of South Carolina


Background and Purpose: Upon immigration to the US, the Hmong people transition to a more industrialized society which places them at an increased risk for diabetes. Hmong Americans are at increasing risk for developing diabetes. This article scopes research literature on the prevalence of diabetes and factors affecting diabetes care in the Hmong population. Methods: The literature was systematically scoped using four databases to search for studies examining factors that influence diabetes care in the Hmong. Results: A total of ten studies were retrieved. Key findings suggest that those living with diabetes have limited knowledge of the disease, and the Hmong possess cultural characteristics that ultimately affect diabetes care. Conclusion: This review revealed that there are limited published studies of diabetes in Hmong Americans and future research is needed to address these knowledge gaps in this population. Language, religion, and cultural beliefs are also significant factors to consider in diabetes care of the Hmong.

How to Cite
Mitchell-Brown, F., & Newman, S. (2015). Diabetes Mellitus and the Hmong: A Scoping Review of the Literature. Californian Journal of Health Promotion, 13(3), 55-65. https://doi.org/10.32398/cjhp.v13i3.1835