Examination of a Peer-Led, Non-Diet Nutrition and Exercise Adherence Pilot Program on a College Campus


  • Linda A. Keeler Western Washington University
  • Dawn E. Clifford California State University, Chico
  • August Buck California State University, Chico
  • Petra Kowalski California State University, Chico
  • Michelle N. Morris California State University, Chico


A non-equivalent control group design was utilized to investigate the effect of a non-diet, peer-led, tailored nutrition and exercise adherence intervention (FitU) on exercise stages of change, intuitive eating, and barriers to healthy eating and exercise in college females. Female students (n=17) who enrolled in the 8-10 week program served as the intervention group and general education students who did not receive an intervention served as the control group (n=16). Surveys were administered pre and post intervention over two consecutive semesters. Utilizing ANCOVA analyses, reported barriers to eating healthy decreased (p=.008) and one intuitive eating subscale, eating for physical rather than emotional reasons improved significantly (p=.01) in the intervention group compared to control from pre to post. Further, 65% of the intervention group reported an improvement in exercise stage of change and none relapsed compared with only 20% improvement and 40% relapse in the control group from pre to postintervention. The majority of the intervention participants also reported improved dietary (82.4%) and exercise (76.5%) patterns/thoughts. Peer-led and individually tailored, non-diet nutrition and exercise interventions may effectively promote healthy behaviors among college females.

How to Cite
Keeler, L. A., Clifford, D. E., Buck, A., Kowalski, P., & Morris, M. N. (2013). Examination of a Peer-Led, Non-Diet Nutrition and Exercise Adherence Pilot Program on a College Campus: FitU. Californian Journal of Health Promotion, 11(1), 84-96. https://doi.org/10.32398/cjhp.v11i1.1521